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并不是每个人都会挑选做讲师来教授linux常识,所以呢,大概率上我们不需要把握悉数的指令,只需要熟记一张图即可:

可是学徒耗费了很多的心力现已收拾好了,值得同享给我们,当然,排版也很辛苦。

Linux Commands

A

accept

Accept jobs to a destination, such as a p隐秘情事rinter.

承受作业到目的地,例如打印机。


access

Check a user’s RWX permission for a file.

查看用户对文件的RWX权限。


aclocal

GNU autoconf too

GNU autoconf也是


aconnect

ALSA sequencer connection manager.

ALSA音序器衔接办理器。


acpi

Show information about the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface.

显现有关高档装备和电源接口的信息


acpi_available

Check if ACPI functionality exists on the system.

查看体系上是否存在ACPI功用。


acpid

Informs user-space programs about ACPI events.

告诉用户空间程序有关ACPI事情的信息


addr2line

Used to convert addresses into file names and line numbers.

用于将地址转化为文件名和行号。


addresses

Formats for internet mail addresses.

格局化互联网邮件地址


agetty

An alternative Linux Getty

另一种Linux Getty


alias

Create an alias for Linux commands

为Linux指令创立别号


alsactl

Access advanced controls for ALSA soundcard driver.

拜访ALSA声卡驱动程序的高档控件。


amidi

Perform read/write operation for ALSA RawMIDI ports.

履行ALSA RawMIDI端口的读/写操作。


amixer

Access CLI-based mixer for ALSA soundcard driver.

拜访依据CLI的ALSA声卡驱动程序混音器


anacron

Used to run commands periodically.

用于定时运转指令。


aplay

Sound recorder and player for CLI.

用于CLI的录音机和播映器


aplaymidi

CLI utility used to play MIDI files.

用于播映MIDI文件的CLI程序


apm

Show Advanced Power Management (APM) hardware info on older systems.

在旧体系上显现高档电源办理(APM)硬件信息


apmd

Used to handle events reported by APM BIOS drivers.

用于处理APM BIOS驱动程序陈述的事情。


apropos

Shows the list of all man pages containing a specific keyword

显现包括特定关键字的一切手册页的列表


apt

Advanced Packag八尺龙须方锦褥e Tool, a package management system for Debian and derivatives.

高档软件包东西,Debian和衍生产品的软件包办理体系


apt-get

Command-line utili东游到武之憨豆的假日ty to install/remove/update packages based on APT system.

用于依据APT体系装置/删去/更新软件包的指令行程序


aptitude

Another utility to add/remove/upgrade packages based on the APT system.

依据APT体系增加/删去/升级包的程序


ar

A utility to create/modify/extract from archives.

用于创立/修正/从档案中提取的实用程序。


arch

Display print machine hardware name.

显现打印机硬件称号。


arecord

Just like aplay, it’s a sound recorder and player for ALSA soundcard driver.

就像aplay相同,它是ALSA声卡驱动程序的录音机和播映器


arecordmidi

Record standard MIDI files.

录制规范MIDI文件


arp

Used to make changes to the system’s ARP cache

用于更改体系的ARP缓存


as

A portable GNU assembler.

可移植的GNU汇编言语编译器


aspell

An interactive spell checker utility.

交互式拼写查看东西。


at

Used to schedule command execution at specified date & time, reading commands from an input file.

用于在指定的日期和时刻组织指令履行,从输入文件中读取指令。


atd

Used to execute jobs queued by the at command.

用于履行at指令排队的作业。


atq

List a user’s pending jobs for the at command.

列出at张铁林纠纷案指令的用户待处理作业。


atrm

Delete jobs queued by the at command.

删去at指令排队的作业。


audiosend

Used to send an audio recording as an email.

用于将录音作为电子邮件发送。


aumix

An audio mixer utility.

音频混音器


autoconf

Generate configuration scripts from a TEMPLATE-FILE and send the output to standard output.

从TEMPLATE-FILE生成装备脚本并发送到规范输出


autoheader

Create a template header for configure.

为configure创立模板表头


automake

Creates GNU standards-compliant Makefiles from template files

从模板文件创立契合GNU规范的Makefile


autoreconf

Update generated configuration files.

更新生成的装备文件。


autoscan

Generate a preliminary configure.in

生成开始的configure.in


autoupdate

Update a configure.in file to newer autoconf.

将configure.in文件更新为较新的autoconf。


awk

Used to find and replace text in a file(s).

用于查找和替换文件中的文本。



Linux Commands

B

badblocks

Search a disk partition for bad sectors.

在磁盘分区中查找坏扇区。


banner

Used to print characters as a poster.

用于将字符打印为海报


basename

Used to display filenames with directoy or suffix.

用于目录或后缀来展现文件名


bash

GNU Bourne-Again Shell.

GNU Bourne-Again Shell


batch

Used to run commands entered on a standard input.

用于运转在规范输入上输入的指令。


bc

Access the GNU bc calculator utility.

拜访GNU bc计算器实用程序。


bg

Send processes to the background.

将进程发送到后台。


biff

Notify about incoming mail and sender’s name on a system running comsat server.

在运转comsat效劳器的体系上告诉新邮件和发件人名字。


bind

Used to attach a name to a socket.

用于将称号附加到套接字


bison

A GNU parser generator, compatible with yacc.

GNU解析器生成器,与yacc兼容。


break

Used to exit from a loop (eg: for, while, select).

用于退出循环(例如:for,while,select)。


builtin

Used to run shell builtin commands, make custom functions for commands extending their functionality.

用于运转shell内置指令,为扩展其功用的指令创立自界说函数。


bzcmp

Used to call the cmp program for bzip2 compressed files.

用于为bzip2紧缩文件调用cmp程序。


bzdiff

Used to call the diff program for bzip2 compressed files.

用于调用bzip2紧缩文件的diff程序。


bzgrep

Used to call grep for bzip2 compressed files.

用于为bzip唐少萱2紧缩文件调用grep。


bzip2

A block-sorting file compressor used to shrink given files.

运用块排序文本紧缩算法和Huffman编码对给定文件进行紧缩


bzless

Used to apply ‘less’ (show info one page at a time) to bzip2 compressed files.

应用于bzip2紧缩文件的less指令


bzmore

Used to apply ‘more’ (an inferior version of less) to bzip2 compressed files.

应用于bzip2紧缩文件的more指令



Linux Commands

c

cal

Show calendar.

显现日历。


cardctl

Used to control PCMCIA sockets and select configuration schemes.

用于操控PCMCIA套接字并挑选装备计划


cardmgr

Keeps an eye on the added/removes sockets for PCMCIA devices

亲近重视PCMCIA设备的增加/删去套接字


case

Execute a command conditionally by matching a pattern刘义周.

经过匹配方式有条件地履行指令。


cat

Used to concatenate files and print them on the screen.

用于衔接文件并在屏幕上进行输出


cc

GNU C and C++ compiler.

GNU C和C ++编译器


cd

Used to change directory.

用于更改目录。


cdda2wav

Used to rip a CD-ROM and make WAV file.

用于翻录CD-ROM并制造WAV文件。


cdparanoia

Record audio from CD more reliably using data-verification algorithms.

运用数据验证算法更可靠地记载CD中的音频。


cdrdao

Used to write all the content specified to a file to a CD all at once.

用于将特定文件的一切内容一次性写入CD


cdrecord

Used to record data or audio compact discs

用于记载数据或音频光盘


cfdisk

Show or change the disk partition table.

显现或更改磁盘分区表


chage

Used to change user password information.

用于更改用户暗码信息。


chattr

Used to change file attributes.

用于更改文件特点。


chdir

Used to change active working directory.

用于更改活动作业目录。


chfn

Used to change real user name and information.

用于更改实在用户名和信息。


chgrp

Used to change group ownership for file.

用于更改文件的组一切权。


chkconfig

Manage execution of runlevel services.

办理运转等级效劳的履行。


chmod

Change access permission for a file(s).

更改文件的拜访权限。


chown

Change the owner or group for a file.

更改文件的一切者或组。


c修仙无道hpasswd

Update password in a batch.

批量更新暗码。


chroot

Run a command with root privileges.

运用root权限运转指令。


chrt

Alter process attributed in real-time.

改动进程的实时特点


chsh

Switch login shell.

切换登录shell


chvt

Change foreground virtual terminal.

更改前台虚拟终端。


cksum

Perform a CRC checksum for files.

对文件履行CRC校验


clear

Used to clear the terminal window.

用于铲除终端窗口。


cmp

Compare two files (byte by byte).

比较两个文件(逐字节)


col

Filter reverse (and half-reverse) line feeds from the input.

用来滤除规范输入的反向换行符(RLF-Reverse Line Feed)和半反向换行符(HRLF-Halt RLF)。


colcrt

Filter nroff output for CRT previewing.

过滤nroff输出以进行CRT预览


colrm

Remove columns from the lines of a file.

对文章进队伍删去操作


column

A utility that formats its input into columns.

将输入格局化为列的实用程序


comm

Used to compare two sorted files line by line.

用于逐行比较两个已排序的文件左传,Linux指令中英文对照(一),民国投机者。


command

Used to execute a command with arguments ignoring shell functi女性器官on named command.

调用指定的指令并履行,指令履行时不查询shell函数


compress

Used to compress one or more file(s) and replacing the originals ones.

用于紧缩一个或多个文件并替换原始文件


continue

Resume the next iteration of a loop.

康复循环的下一次迭代


cp

Copy contents of one file to another.

将一个文件的内容仿制到另一个文件


cpio

Copy files from an嘘制止d to archives.

从归档文件仿制文件或仿制文件到归档文件


cpp

GNU C language processor.

GN左传,Linux指令中英文对照(一),民国投机者U C言语处理器


cron

A daemon to execute scheduled commands.

履行预订指令看护进程


crond

Same work as cron.

与cron相同的功用


crontab

Manage crontab files (containing schedules commands) for users.

办理用户的crontab文件(包括schedules指令)


csplit

Split a file into sections on the basis of context lines.

依据上下文将文件拆分为多个部分


ctags

Make a list of functions and macro names defined in a programming source file.

列出编程源文件中界说的函数和宏称号


cupsd

A scheduler for CUPS.

CUPS的调度程序。


curl

Used to transfer data from or to a server using supported protocols.

运用支撑的协议从与效劳器之间进行数据交互


cut

Used to remove sections from each line of a file(s).

用于从文件的每一行中删去特定的部分进行规范输出


cvs

Concurrent Versions System. Used to track file versions, allow storage/retr越野飞车ieval of previous versions, and enables multiple users to work on the same file.

并发版别体系,能够盯梢文件版别,存储/检索曾经的版别,以及多个用户处理同一文件。



Linux Commands

D

date

Show system date and time.

显现体系日期和时刻。


dc

Desk calculator utility

台式计算器程序


dd

Used to convert and copy a file, create disk clone, write disk headers, etc.

用于转化和仿制文件,创立磁盘克隆,写入磁盘头号。


ddrescue

Used to recover data from a crashed partition.

从溃散的分区中康复数据


deallocvt

Deallocates kernel memory for unused virtual consoles.

为未运用的虚拟操控台开释内核内存。


debugfs

File system debugger for ext2/ext3/ext4

ext2 / ext3 / ext4的文件体系调试器


declare

Used to declare variables and assign attributes.

用于声明变量以及对特点赋值


depmod

Generate modules.dep and map files.

生成modules.dep和映射文件


devdump

Interactively displays the contents of device or file system ISO.

以交互方法显现设备或文件体系ISO的内容


df

Show disk usage.

显现磁盘运用情况


diff

Used to compare files line by line.

用于逐行比较文件。


diff3

Compare three files line by line.

对三个文件逐行进行比较


dig

Domain Information Groper, a DNS lookup utility.

域信息Groper,DNS查找程序


dir

List the contents of a directory.

列出目录的内容


dircolors

Set colors for ‘ls’ by altering the LS_COLORS environment variable.

经过更改LS_COLORS环境变量来设置'ls'的色彩。


dirname

Display pathname after removing the last slash and characters thereafter.

删去最终一个斜杠和这今后的字符后显现途径名


dirs

Show the list of remembered directories.

显现记住的目录列表


disable

Restrict access to a printer.

约束对打印机的拜访


dlpsh

Interactive Desktop Link Protocol (DLP) shell for PalmOS.

用于PalmOS的交互式桌面链接协议(DLP)shell


dmesg

Examine and control the kernel ring buffer

查看并操控内核环缓冲区


dnsdomainname

Show the DNS domain name of the system.

显现体系的DNS域名


dnssec-keygen

Generate encrypted Secure DNS keys for a given domain name.

为给定的域名生成加密的安全DNS密钥


dnssec-makekeyset

Produce domain key set from one or more DNS security keys generated by dnssec-keygen.

从dnssec-keygen生成的一个或多个DNS安全密钥生成域密钥集。


dnssec-signkey

Sign a secure DNS keyset with key signatures specified in the list of key-identifiers.

运用密钥标识符列表中特定的密钥签名对安全DNS密钥集进行签名。


dnssec-signzone

Sign a secure DNS zonefile with the signatures in the specified list of key-identifiers.

运用特定的键标识符列表中的签名对安全的DNS区域文件进行签名。


doexec

Used to run an executable with an arbitrary argv list provided.

用于运转带有恣意argv列表的可履行文件


domainname

Show or set the name of current NIS (Network Information Services) domain.

显现或设置当时NIS(网络信息效劳)域名


dosfsck

Check and repair MS-DOS file systems.

查看并修正MS-DOS文件体系


du

Show disk usage summary for a file(s).

显现文件的磁盘运用情况摘要


dump

Backup utility for ext2/ext3 file systems.

用于对ext2 / ext3文件体系进行备份


dumpe2fs

Dump ext2/ext3/ext4 file systems.

转储ext2 / ext3 / ext4文件体系


dumpkeys

Show information about the keyboard driver’s current translation tables.

显现有关键盘驱动程序当时转化表的信息



Linux Commands

E

e2fsck

Used to check ext2/ext3/ext4 file systems.

查看ext2 / ext3 / ext4文件体系


e2image

Store important ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem metadata to a file.

将重要的ext2 / ext3 / ext4文件体系元数据存储到文件中


e2label

Show or change the label on an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem.

显现或更改ext2 / ext3 / ext4文件体系的称号


echo

Send input string(s) 鼠尾蛆to standard output i.e. display text on the screen.

将输入字符串发送到规范输出,即在屏幕上显现文本。


ed

GNU Ed – a line-oriented text editor.

面向行的文本修正器


edqu左传,Linux指令中英文对照(一),民国投机者ota

Used to edit filesystem quotas using a text editor, such as vi.

运用文本修正器(如vi)修正文件体系配额


egrep

Search and display text matching a pattern.

查找并显现与方式匹配的文本。


eject

Eject removable media.

弹出可移动媒体。


elvtune

Used to set latency in the elevator algorithm used to schedule I/O activities for specified block devices.

设置用于为指定块设备调度I / O活动的电梯算法中的推迟


emacs

Emacs text editor command line utility.

Emacs文本修正器指令行程序


enable

Used to enable/disable shell builtin commands.

用于启用/禁用shell内置指令。


env

Run a command in a modified environment. Show/set/delete environment variables.

在已修正的环境中运转指令。显现/设置/删去环境变量。


envsubst

Substitute environment variable values in shell format strings.

在shell格局字符串中替换环境变量值


esd

Start the Enlightenment Sound Daemon (EsounD or esd). Enables multiple applications to access the same audio device simultaneously.

发动Enlightenment Sound Daemon(EsounD或esd)。答应多个应用程序一起拜访同一音频设备。


esd-config

Manage EsounD configuration.

办理EsounD装备。


esdcat

Use EsounD to send audio data from a specified file.

运用EsounD从指定文件发送音频数据。


esdctl

EsounD control program.

EsounD操控程序。


esddsp

Used to reroute non-esd audio data to esd and control all the audio using esd.

用于将非esd音频数据从头路由到esd并运用esd操控一切音频。


esdmon

Used to copy the sound being sent to a device. Also, send it to a secondary device.

仿制发送到设备的声响并将其发送到辅佐设备


esdplay

Use EsounD system to play a file.

运用EsounD体系播映文件。


esdrec

Use EsounD to record audio to a specified file.

运用EsounD将音频录制到指定的文件。


esdsample

Sample 色屌丝audio using esd.

运用esd对音频进行采样


etags

Used to create a list of functions and macros from a programming source file. These etags are used by emacs. For vi, use ctags.

从编程源文件创立函数和宏的列表,这些etags由emacs运用,关于vi,请运用ctags。


ethtool

Used to query and control network driver and hardware settings.

查询和操控网络驱动程序和硬件设置。


eval

Used to evaluate multiple commands or arguments are once.

可读取一连串的参数,然后再依参数自身的特性来履行


ex

Interactive command

交互式指令


exec

An interactive line-based text editor.

依据行的交互式文本修正器。


exit

Exit from the terminal.

从终端退出。


expand

Convert tabs into spaces in a given file and show the output.

在给定文件中将tab转化为空格并展现输出


expect

An extension to the Tcl script, it’s used to automate interaction with other applications based on their expected output.

它是Tcl脚本的扩展,用于依据预期输出主动与其他应用程序进行交互。


export

Used to set an environment variable.

用于设置环境变量。


expr

Evaluate expressions and display them on standard output.

评价表达式并在规范输出上显现它们。


Linux Commands

F

factor

Display prime factors of specified integer numbers.

显现指定整数的素数因子


FALSE

Do nothing, unsuccessfully. Exit with a status code indicating failure.

什么都不做


fc-cache

Make font information cache after scanning the directories.

扫描目录后进行字体信息缓存。


fc-list

Show the list of available fonts.

显现可用字体列表。


fdformat

Do a low-level format on a floppy disk.

在软盘上履行低阶格局化


fdisk

Make changes to the disk partition table.

更改磁盘分区表。


fetchmail

Fetch mail from mail servers and forward it to the local mail delivery system.

从邮件效劳器获取邮件并将其转发到本地邮件传递体系。


fg

Used to send a job to the foreground.

将作业发送到前台


fgconsole

Display the number of the current virtual console.

显现当时虚拟操控台的编码


fgrep

Display lines from a file(s) that match a specified string. A variant of grep.

显现与指定字符串匹配的文件中的行,grep的变种


file

Determine file type for a file.

确认文件类型


find

Do a file search in a directory hierarchy.

在目录层次结构中进行文件查找


finger

Display user data including the information listed in .plan and *.project *in each user’周公解梦1000例s home directory.

显现用户数据,包括每个用户主目录中.plan和* .project *中列出的信息。


fingerd

Provides a network interface for the finger program.

为finger程序供给网络接口


flex

Generate programs that perform pattern-matching on text.

生成在文本上履行方式匹配的程序


fmt

Used to convert text to a specified width by filling lines and removing new lines, displaying the output.

用于编列文本文件


fold

Wrap input line to fit in a specified width.

操控文件内容输出时所占用的屏幕宽度


for

Expand words and run commands for each one in the resultant list.

针对成果列表中的每一个元素循环运转指令


formail

Used to filter standard input into mailbox format.

用于将规范输入过滤为邮箱格局。


format

Used to format disks.

格局化磁盘。


free

Show free and used system memory.

显现可用的和占用的体系内存。


fsck

Check and repair a Linux file system

查看并修正Linux文件体系


ftp

File transfer protocol user interface.

文件传输协议用户界面


ftpd

FTP server process.

FTP效劳器进程


function

Used to define function macros.

用于界说函数宏


fuser

Find and kill a process accessing a file.

查找并间断拜访文件的进程






Linux Commands

G

g++

Run the g++ compiler.

运转g ++编译器


gawk

Used for pattern scanning and language processing. A GNU implementation of AWK language.

用于方式扫描和言语处理。AWK言语的GNU完成


gcc

A C and C++ compiler by GNU.

GNU的AC和C ++编译器


gdb

A utility to debug programs and know about where it crashes.

用于调试程序并了解其溃散方位的实用程序。


getent

Shows entries富土康质检员张全蛋 from Name Service Switch Libraries for specified keys.

观察体系的数据库中的相关记载


getkeycodes

Displays the kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table.

显现内核scancode-to-keycode映射表


getopts

A utility to parse positional parameters.

用于解析方位参数的实用程序。


gpasswd

Allows an administrator to change group passwords.

答应办理员更改组暗码。


gpg

Enables encryption and signing services as per the OpenPGP standard.

依据OpenPGP规范启用加密和签名效劳


gpgsplit

Used to split an OpenPGP message into packets.

将OpenPGP音讯拆分为数据包


gpgv

Used to verify OpenPGP signatures.

用于验证OpenPGP签名。


gpm

It enables cut and paste functionality and a mouse server for the Linux console.

它支撑剪切和张贴功用以及Linux操控台的鼠标效劳器


gprof

Shows call graph profile data.

计算程序在用户态的履行信息


grep

Searches input files for a given pattern and displays the relevant lines.

在输入文件中进行特定方式的查找并显现相关匹配的行


groff

Serves as the front-end of the groff document formatting system.

groff 文档排版体系的前端


groffer

Displays groff files and man pages.

显现groff文件和协助文档


groupadd

Used to add a new user group.

用于增加新用户组。


groupdel

Used to remove a user group.

用于删去用户组。


groupmod

Used to modify a group definition.

用于修正组界说。


groups

Show the group(s) to which a user belongs.

显现用户所属的组。


grpck

Verifies the integrity of group files.

验证组文件的完整性。


grpconv

Creates a gshadow file from a group or an already existing gshadow.

从组或已存在的gshadow创立gshadow文件


gs

Invokes Ghostscript, and interpreter and previewer for Adobe’s PostScript and PDF languages.

为Adobe的PostScript和PDF言语调用Ghostscript,解说器和预览器


gunzip

A utility to compress/expand files.

对文件进行紧缩或解压


gzexe

Used to compress executable files in place and have them automatically uncompress and run at a later stage.

紧缩可履行文件并让它们主动解紧缩并在今后运转


gzip

Same as gzip.

对文件进行紧缩或解压



Linux Commands

H

halt

Command used to halt the machine.

用于关机的指令


hash

Shows the path for the commands executed in the shell.

显现shell中履行的指令的途径


hdparm

Show/configure parameters for SATA/IDE devices.

显现/装备SATA / IDE设备的参数。


head

Shows first 10 lines from each specified file.

显现每个指定文件的前10行。


help

Display’s help for a built-in command.

显现内置指令的协助信息


hexdump

Shows specified file output in hexadecimal, octal, decimal, or ASCII format.

以十六进制,八进制,十进制或ASCII格局显现指定的文件输出。


history

Shows the command history.

显现指令历史记载


host

A utility to perform DNS lookups.

履行DNS查找的程序


hostid

Shows host’s numeric ID in hexadecimal format.

以十六进制格局显现主机的数字ID


hostname

Display/set the hostname of the system.

显现/设置体系的主机名


htdigest

Manage the user authentication file used by the Apache web server.

办理Apache Web效劳器运用的用户身份验证文件


htop

An interactive process viewer for the command line.

用于交互式查看指令进程


hwclock

Show or configure the system’s hardware clock.

显现或装备体系的硬件时钟


Linux Commands

I

iconv

Convert text file from one encoding to another.

改动文本文件的编码格局


id

Show user and group information for a specified user.

显现指定用户的用户和组信息


if

Execute a command conditionally.义勇军帝师

有条件地履行指令


ifconfig

Used to configure network interfaces.

获取网络接口装备信息并对此进行修正


ifdown

Stops a network interface.

间断网络接口


ifup

Starts a network interface.

发动网络接口


imapd

An IMAP (Interactive Mail Access Protocol) server daemon.

IMAP(交互式邮件拜访协议)效劳器看护程序


import

Capture an X server screen and saves it as an image.

对X效劳器截屏并将其另存为图画


inetd

Extended internet services daemon, it starts the programs that provide internet services.

扩展的互联网效劳看护进程,它发动供给互联网效劳的程序


info

Used to read the documentation in Info format.

用于以Info格局阅览文档


init

Systemd system and service manager.

linux的体系和效劳办理器


insmod

A program that inserts a module into the Linux kernel.

在Linux内核中刺进模块的程序


install

Used to copy files to specified locations and set attributions during the install process.

用于将文件仿制到指定方位并在装置过程中设置特点。


iostat

Shows statistics for CPU, I/O devices, partitions, network filesystems.

显现CPU,I / O设备,分区,网络文件体系的计算信息


ip

Display/manipulate routing, devices, policy routing and tunnels.

显现/操作路由,设备,战略路由和地道


ipcrm

Used to remove System V interprocess communication (IPC) objects and associated data structures.

用于删去System V进程间通讯(IPC)目标和相关的数据结构


ipcs

Show information on IPC facilities for which calling process has read access.

陈述Linux中进程间通讯设备的状况


iptables

Adm骗女性上床inistration tool for IPv4 packet filtering and NAT.

用于IPv4数据包过滤和NAT的办理东西


iptables-restore

Used to restore IP tables from data specified in the input or a傅国慧 file.

用于从输入或文件中指定的数据复原IP表


iptables-save

Used to dump IP table contents to standard output.

用于将IP表内容转储到规范输出


isodump

A utility that shows the content iso9660 images to verify the integrity of directory contents.

显现内容iso9660映像以验证目录内容完整性的实用程序


isoinfo

A utility to perform directory like listings of iso9660 images.

以目录的方式列出iso9660 镜像文件的内容


isosize

Show the length of an iso9660 filesystem contained in a specified file.

显现指定文件中包括的iso9660文件体系巨细


isovfy

Verifies the integrity of an iso9660 image.

验证iso9660映像的完整性


ispell

A CLI-based spell-check utility.

依据CLI的拼写查看实用程序



L齐鲁英雄传inux Commands

J

jobs

Show the list of active jobs and their status.

显现活动作业列表及其状况


join

For each pair of input lines, join them using a command field and display on standard output.

关于每对输入行内容,运用指令字段衔接它们并在规范输出上显现



Linux Commands

K

kbd_mode

Set a keyboard mode. Without左传,Linux指令中英文对照(一),民国投机者 arguments, shows the current keyboard mode.

设置键盘方式。没有参数时,显现当时的键盘方式。


kbdrate

Reset keyboard repeat rate and delay time.

重置键盘重复率和推迟时刻


kill

Send a kill (termination) signal to one more processes.

间断进程


killall

Kills a process(es) running a specified command.

杀死运转指定指令的进程


killall5

A SystemV killall command. Kills all the processes excluding the ones which it depends on.

间断除了内核线程和它自己的会话中的进程外的一切进程


klogd

Control and prioritize the kernel messages to be displayed on the console, and log them through syslogd.

操控并优先显现需要在操控台上显现的内核音讯,并经过syslogd进行记载。


kudzu

Used to detect new and enhanced hardware by comparing it with existing database. Only for RHEL and derivates.

经过将其与现有数据库进行比较来检测新硬件和增强硬件。仅适用于RHEL及其衍生。



Linux Commands

L

last

Shows a list of recent logins on the system by fetching data from /var/log/wtmp file.

经过从/ var / log / wtmp文件中获取数据,显现体系上最近登录的列表。


lastb

Shows the list of bad login attempts by fetching data from */var/log/btmp *file.

经过从* / var / log / btmp *文件中获取数据来显现过错登录测验的列表。


lastlog

Displays information about the most recent login of all users or a specified user.

显现一切用户或指定用户的最新登录信息


ld

The Unix linker, it combines archives and ob左传,Linux指令中英文对照(一),民国投机者ject files. It then puts them into one output file, resolving external references.

组合目标文件、归档文件并导入文件到一个输出目标文件,一起解析外部引证


ldconfig

Configure dynamic linker run-time bindings

装备动态链接运转时绑定


ldd

Shows shared object dependencies.

显现同享目标依靠项


less

Displays contents of a file one page at a time. It’s advanced than morecommand.

一次显现一页文件的内容,比more指令好用些


lesskey

Used to specify key bindings for less command.

用于为less指令指定键绑定


let

Used to perform integer artithmetic on shell variables.

用于左传,Linux指令中英文对照(一),民国投机者对shell变量履行整数运算


lftp

An FTP utility with extra features.

具有额定功用的FTP实用程序


lftpget

Uses lftop to retrieve HTTP, FTP, and other protocol URLs supported by lftp.

运用lftop检索lftp支撑的HTTP,FTP和其他协议URL


link

Create links between two files. Similar to ln command.

在两个文件之间创立链接。与ln指令相似。


ln

Create links between files. Links can be hard (two names for the same file) or soft (a shortcut of the first file).

在文件之间创立链接。链接能够是硬(同一文件的两个称号)或软(第一个文件的快捷方法)。


loadkeys

Load keyboard translation tables.

加载键盘转化表。


local

Used to create function variables.

用于创立函数变量。


locale

Shows information about current or all locales.

显现有关当时或一切言语环境的信息。


locate

Used to find files by their name.

用于按称号查找文件。


lockfile

Create semaphore file(s) which can be used to limit access to a file.

创立可用于约束对文件的拜访的信号量文件


logger

Make entries in the system log.

在体系日志中进行记载


login

Create a new session on the system.

在体系上创立一个新会话。


logname

Shows the login name of the current user.

显现当时用户的登录名。


logout

Performs the logout op左传,Linux指令中英文对照(一),民国投机者eration by making changes to the utmp and wtmp files.

经过更改utmp和wtmp文件来履行刊出操作


logrotate

Used for automatic rotation, compression, removal, and mailing of system log files.

用于主动轮换,紧缩,删去和邮件的体系日志文件


look

Shows any lines in a file containing a given string in the beginning.

在最初显现包括给定字符串的文件中的一切行。


losetup

Set up and control loop devices.

设置和操控循环设备。


lpadmin

Used to configure printer and class queues provided by CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System).

用于装备CUPS(通用UNIX打印体系)供给的打印机和类行列


lpc

Line printer control program, it provides limited control over CUPS printer and class queues.

行式打印机操控程序,它对CUPS打印机和类行列供给有限的操控。


lpinfo

Shows the list of avaiable devices and drivers known to the CUPS server.

显现CUPS效劳器已知的可用设备和驱动程序列表


lpmove

Move on or more printing jobs to a new destination.

将打印作业或更多打印作业移至新目标


lpq

Shows current print queue status for a specified printer.

显现特定打印机的当时打印行列状况


lpr

Used to submit files for printing.

用于提交要打印的文件。


lprint

Used to print a file.

用于打印文件。


lprintd

Used to abort a print job.

用于间断打印作业。


lprintq

List the print queue.

列出打印行列。


lprm

Cancel print jobs.

撤销打印作业。


lpstat

Displays status information about current classes, jobs, and printers.

显现当时类,作业和打印机的状况信息。


ls

Shows the list of files in the curre进贡娘娘nt directory.

显现当时目录中的文件列表。


lsattr

Shows file attributes on a Linux ext2 file system.

在Linux ext2文件体系上显现文件特点。


lsblk

Lists information about all available or the specified block devices.

列出一切可用或指定区块设备的信息。


lsmod

Show the status of modules in the Linux kernel.

显现Linux内核中模块的状况。


lsof

List open files.

列出翻开的文件。


lspci

List all PCI devices.

列出一切PCI设备。


lsusb

List USB devices.

列出USB设备。


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